james duke of hamilton

James VI's first visit to Scotland since the Union of the Crowns occurred in early 1617, whilst in Scotland, he was apparently charmed by The 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, and invited him to court in London. James, Duke of Hamilton WHAT. mar. [citation needed] Arran was not consulted and later came to bitterly resent it. After attempts to repatriate him, he was tried in absentia for murder, and stripped of his regiment, but was later pardoned. 5 Jan 1702/3. On the day of the final vote regarding the Anglo-Scottish union, Hamilton abstained and remained in his chambers at Holyrood Palace claiming to be indisposed by toothache. Mohun claimed them as the named heir of Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, to whom he had been a companion-in-arms. Arran's father died in 1694, and in July 1698 his mother resigned all her titles into the hand of King William, who regranted them to Arran a month later in a charter signed at Het Loo, Netherlands. [citation needed] Lord Hamilton, despite his misgivings regarding Buckingham's lowly origins, was impressed enough by his influence with the King, to accept his suggestion. Hamilton, James Hamilton, 4th duke of [S] (1658–1712). Never being allowed to unite all the regiments he had raised into one single force, many of his regiments continued to fight in other theatres of the Thirty Years' War. There has been much historical debate as to how many men landed initially, how many served in total and how effective these were. After a wrangle concerning the mode of election he again returned to Charles. On his return to Great Britain following the accession of James VII, he brought letters of personal recommendation from Louis to the new King. Buckingham proposed to wed Lord Arran to his niece Mary, daughter to William, Viscount Feilding, an undistinguished Warwickshire squire. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, KG, PC (19 June 1606 – 9 March 1649), known as The 3rd Marquess of Hamilton from March 1625 until April 1643, was a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Thirty Years' War and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. When his father died in 1625, he inherited the titles of third Marquis of Hamilton and second Earl of Cambridge. He was educated by a series of tutors, until he was of age to attend the University of Glasgow. In addition to the Dukedom, Hamilton was created Baron Dutton in Cheshire. Like all ambitious upstarts at court, Buckingham was keen to consolidate his new-found fortunes by allying himself and his family with established and wealthy families. The highly unpopular Acts of Union were passed, and riots followed in the streets of Edinburgh. [2] This regrant of title was presumably because of the loyalty of Arran's parents to the king, as his own affection to the House of Orange was questionable due to his suspected Jacobitism. James [Hamilton], 5th Duke of Hamilton and 2nd Duke of Brandon, KT. Usually Hamilton is thought to have taken no interest whatever in the great questions at issue, and was neither loyal nor patriotic, and only desired peace and compromise to avoid personal losses. In 1686 Hamilton married Lady Anne Spencer, a daughter of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland. The years of litigation that followed culminated in Mohun calling Hamilton out. Mytens was born and trained in the Netherlands and from 1618 he worked in England. William had a quieter start in life, studying at the University of Glasgow and spending time in the court of Louis XIII of France, but quickly found himself ensnared in political machinations. Sophia was the most junior descendant of the most junior branch of the English Stuarts and Scotland, also being Protestant, would only accept a Protestant heir to Scotland. [citation needed], On 2nd March 1625, the 2nd Marquess died[2] at Whitehall of a seizure. James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th Lord of Cadzow (c. 1416- November 6, 1479) was a Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician. Although like most noblemen's sons of the time he had a private tutor, James Bale, Arran's time spent at court in the ensuing years did not consist of much formal education. [8], Having no military training, Hamilton was assigned Major General Alexander Leslie as his mentor and other Scottish officers after Leslie was wounded. King James reaffirmed Arran in his offices. Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland, and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Hamilton was assumed to be the head of the anti-union Cavalier Party, perhaps due to his serious claim to the throne of Scotland. Although collectively these men believed they served in the "Scots Army", Marquis Hamilton actually took the title of "General of British" from the existing commander with that title, General James Spens who confusingly was compensated with the title "General of Scots" thereafter.[9]. HAMILTON, JAMES HAMILTON, 1st Duke of (1606–1649), Scottish nobleman, son of James, 2nd marquess of Hamilton, and of the Lady Anne Cunningham, daughter of the earl of Glencairn, was born on the 19th of June 1606. A cry for justice went up amongst the Duke's friends, including Jonathan Swift, and Macartney escaped to the continent. On his return to Great Britain, Hamilton became Charles I's chief adviser in Scottish affairs. Biography . He was tried on 6 February 1649, condemned to death on 6 March and executed by decapitation on 9 March. Hamilton played an important but equivocal part in the Union of Scotland and England in 1707. Lieutenant General James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and 1st Duke of Brandon KG KT (11 April 1658 – 15 November 1712) was a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland, and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. On 21 November 1638, Lord Hamilton presided over the first meeting of the assembly in Glasgow Cathedral, but dissolved it on 28 November 1638 on its declaring the bishops responsible to its authority. of Charles [Murray], 1st … James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Brandon, was born 5 July 1724 to James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton (1703-1743) and Anne Cochrane (1707-1724) and died 17 January 1758 in Great Tew, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom of a cold caught whilst out hunting. He be­came Duke of Aber­corn in the Peer­age of … Marquis Hamilton to Johan Banér, n.d. 1631. The eldest son of William Douglas, 1st Earl of Selkirk (who was created Duke of Hamilton for his lifetime and changed his surname to Hamilton in 1660) and his wife Anne, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton in her own right, Hamilton was born at Hamilton Palace, in Lanarkshire. He married Margaret Feilding (c1613-1638) 16 June 1622. [8], harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLundy2011 (, James Douglas-Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton,_4th_Duke_of_Hamilton&oldid=986871120, Peers of Great Britain created by Queen Anne, Members of the Parliament of Scotland 1689–1702, Members of the Parliament of Scotland 1702–1707, Articles needing additional references from December 2012, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lady Catherine Hamilton (c. 1700–22 Dec 1712), Lady Charlotte Hamilton (c. 1701–1774), who married, Lady Susan Hamilton (26 Sep 1706–1753), who married, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 14:00. James was succeeded by his brother William, Earl of Lanark. A member of one of Scotland's leading noble families, he was also a pioneering aviator and was the man who Deputy German Führer Rudolph Hess flew to Scotland to try to negotiate with in May 1941. James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn was born on 30 November 1869 at Hamilton Place, Piccadilly, London, England G. 4,5 He was the son of James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn and Lady Mary Anna Curzon. General Sir James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton KG (19 June 1606 – 9 March 1649) was a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. [17], By his wife Mary Feilding, Hamilton had six children, of whom four died in childhood. James Hamilton, 3rd Marquess of Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, was born 19 June 1606 to James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton (1589-1625) and Anne Cuninghame (bef1588-1647) and died 9 March 1649 of execution by decapitation. [14], Earlier, in February 1643, proposals of mediation between Charles and Parliament came from Scotland, Hamilton instigated the "cross petition" which demanded from Charles the surrender of the annuities of tithes in order to embarrass The 1st Earl of Loudoun, the chief promoter of the project, to whom they had already been granted. In consequence he received a challenge from Lord Ker, of which he gave the king information, and obtained from Ker an apology. Questions about why John Hamilton didn't stay to attempt to arrest Macartney if he'd thought that such a crime had been committed brought suspicion on his testimony. He was a descendant through his mother of the Scottish House of Stewart and therefore had a significant claim to the thrones of both Scotland and England. Hamilton was a major investor in the failed Darien Scheme, which cost many of Scotland's ruling class their fortunes, and he played a leading role in the events leading up … Hamilton claimed the estates through his wife Elizabeth Gerard, a granddaughter of Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield. He was a Master of the Great Wardrobe, Master-General of the Ordnance, Ambassador, and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment. He was born at Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire. … At Oxford, King Charles conferred upon the Marquess the titles of Duke of Hamilton, Marquess of Clydesdale, Earl of Cambridge, the Baronies of Aven and Innerdale; in addition he also regranted the Earldom of Arran. Lt.-Gen. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton was born on 11 April 1658. The Duke of Hamilton's conduct had at last incurred Charles's resentment and he was imprisoned in the house of a baker called Daniells, with only two servants and not allowed to leave the house. Hamilton's scheme, however, completely failed. Thereafter the two armies split. 22 Feb 1706/7; d. 14 Aug 1724), 1st dau. He was a Master of the Great Wardrobe, Master-General of the Ordnance, Ambassador, and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment. Printed map/plan (6) Hand coloured (4) Manuscript text (2) Pen and ink (2) Uncoloured (2) More . [2] In July that year Hamilton went to Scotland on a hopeless mission to prevent the intervention of the Scots in the impending English Civil War, and a breach then took place between him and Argyll. of John [Cochrane], 4th Earl of Dundonald, by his first wife Lady Anne Murray, dau. 6 He was baptised in 1869 with HRH Prince of Wales as his sponsor. [4], In 1628, Lord Hamilton was made a Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Knight of the Garter, a privy counsellor in both England and Scotland, and in the same year was made Master of the Horse, a post he stayed in until 1644.:[5] He represented the King of Bohemia at the baptism of the infant Prince Charles. Hamilton was the son of the 5th Duke of Hamilton, by his first wife, the former Lady Anne Cochrane, and was styled as Marquess of Clydesdale from his birth until his father's death. This failing, he promoted a scheme for overwhelming the influence and votes of Argyll and his party by sending to Scotland all the Scottish peers then with the King, thereby preventing any assistance to Parliament coming from that quarter, while Charles was to guarantee the establishment of Presbyterianism in Scotland only. Hamilton married secondly Elizabeth Gerard, daughter of Digby Gerard, 5th Baron Gerard in 1698, and had seven children: In addition, Hamilton had four illegitimate children. The Marquess duly arrived in London in August of that year, with his eleven-year-old son, Lord Arran. He supported The 1st Earl of Strafford's proposal to call the Short Parliament, but otherwise opposed him as strongly as he could, as the chief adversary of the Scots; and he aided Henry Vane the Elder, it was believed, in accomplishing Strafford's destruction by sending for him to the Long Parliament. James was born in 1606 at Hamilton Palace in Lanarkshire, the son of James, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, and the Lady Ann Cunningham, daughter of James, 7th Earl of Glencairn. He was confirmed in the titles of Duke of Hamilton, Marquess of Clydesdale, Earl of Arran, Lanark and Cambridge and Lord Aven, Polmont, Machansyre, and Innerdale. On the death of Strafford (12 May 1641) Hamilton was confronted by a new antagonist in The 5th Earl of Montrose, who detested both his character and policy and repudiated his supremacy in Scotland. He was the son of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, and Lady Louisa Jane Russell The duel took place on the morning of the 15th. In 1633 he resigned the Barony of Hamilton in favour of his next brother, Hon Claud Hamilton. [2], On 12 April 1643, Hamilton was further ennobled. [12] A correspondent wrote, "She goeth in armour and with a pistoll by her side readie charged, and wishes him there, saying shee would burie the bullets in his bowells. Following the death without an heir of Fitton Gerard, third Earl of Macclesfield, in 1702,[4] a disagreement had arisen over who should succeed to his extensive estates, based at Gawsworth Hall, Cheshire. James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton and 2nd Duke of Brandon KT FRS (5 January 1703 – 2 March 1743) was a Scottish peer, the son of the 4th Duke of Hamilton. Moreover, having been caught up in a serious dispute with the Swedish king, the marquis and many of his officers were discharged from service on 22 October 1632. Montrose wrote to Charles declaring he could prove Hamilton to be a traitor. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton KG PC, was a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Thirty Years' War and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. The charge, however, always clung to him, and his intriguing character and hopeless management of the King's affairs in Scotland gave colour to the accusation. To Much Bewiched with Thoes Intysing Things, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Hamilton,_1st_Duke_of_Hamilton&oldid=983080449, People executed under the Interregnum (England) by decapitation, Lords High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland, Members of the Parliament of Scotland 1628–1633, Members of the Convention of the Estates of Scotland 1643–44, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 03:41. w. of Alexander Gordon, Lord Gordon (s. of George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly), and of James 4th Lord Fleming, d. of James Hamilton, Duke of Chatelherault -1558 3, 7, 25 He was unable to hinder the meeting of the convention of the estates which assembled without the King's authority, and his supporters found themselves in a minority. Hamilton, James, first duke of Hamilton (1606–1649), politician, was born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, on 19 June 1606, the eldest son of James Hamilton, second marquess of Hamilton and first earl of Cambridge (1589–1625), and Lady Anna Cunningham (d. 1647), fourth daughter of James … born. Hamilton returned not long afterwards, and notwithstanding all that had occurred still retained Charles's favour and confidence. (1) 14 Feb 1723 Lady Anne Cochrane (b. [7] He raised these based on warrants to levy 6,000 men in England and a further 6,000 in Scotland. On the latter's death at Worcester in 1651, the Scottish titles reverted to the 1st Duke's eldest daughter, Anne. Full-length, dressed in a silver-grey suit. [citation needed] King James died three weeks later. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, KG, PC (19 June 1606 – 9 March 1649), known as The 3rd Marquess of Hamilton from March 1625 until April 1643, was a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Thirty Years' War and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn KG CB PC (Ire) (24 August 1838 – 3 January 1913), styled Viscount Hamilton until 1868 and Marquess of Hamilton from 1868 to 1885, was a British nobleman, groom of the stool and diplomat. Artwork page for ‘Portrait of James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, Later 3rd Marquis and 1st Duke of Hamilton, Aged 17’, Daniel Mytens the Elder, 1623 on display at Tate Britain. Despite being under-resourced, Hamilton's forces did greater service than they are usually given credit for. However, he now faced his former military mentor Alexander Leslie, and the artillery specialist, Alexander Hamilton. JAMES HAMILTON HAMILTON, 1ST Duke Of (1606-1649), Scottish nobleman, son of James, 2nd marquess of Hamilton, and of the Lady Anne Cunningham, daughter of the earl of Glencairn, was born on the 19th of June 1606. ), Scottish Royalist whose vacillating, ineffectual leadership did great damage to King Charles I ’s cause during the English Civil Wars between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians. Arran struck up a close friendship with Charles on the journey and was made a gentleman of the bedchamber on their return to England. To the detriment of his royal future, Hamilton's political conduct proved ineffective and he wavered between both the Court and the National parties. James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Abercorn, 2nd Lord Paisley (c. 1604–c. James, 4 th Duke of Hamilton, was a Scottish nobleman, born to William Douglas, 1 st Earl of Selkirk, and Anne, 3 rd Duchess of Hamilton, in 1658. James, 1st Duke of Hamilton. Having been sent back to Edinburgh on 17 September 1638, he brought with him a revocation of the prayer-book and canons and another covenant to be substituted for the national covenant. They guarded the river Oder while Gustavus Adolphus fought Tilly at the Battle of Breitenfeld. Hamilton's second thereafter claimed that Mohun's second George Macartney had dealt the final stroke to Hamilton whilst pretending to attend to Mohun, but the evidence was wholly inconclusive. The Marquess meanwhile had been intriguing with George, 1st Duke of Buckingham. He had no control over the parliament. Hamilton had missed his chance to secure the Scottish succession for his family. Nevertheless, on 27 July 1638 Charles sent Hamilton back to Scotland with new proposals for the election of an assembly and a parliament, episcopacy being safeguarded but bishops being made responsible to future assemblies. [2], Hamilton, during his unfortunate career, had often been suspected of betraying the King's cause, and, as an heir to the Scottish throne, of intentionally playing into the hands of the Covenanters with a view of procuring the Crown for himself. She married William, Earl of Selkirk, who was created Duke of Hamilton for life.[18]. Later in 1683, he was accredited ambassador to the Court of Louis XIV of France. On 15 November 1712, Hamilton fought a celebrated duel with Charles, Lord Mohun, in Hyde Park, Westminster, in an episode narrated in Thackeray's The History of Henry Esmond. His aim now was to effect an alliance between the king and Archibald Campbell, 8th Earl of Argyll, the former accepting Presbyterianism and receiving the help of the Scots against the English parliament, and when this failed he abandoned Charles and adhered to Argyll. As the descendant and representative of James Hamilton, ist earl of Arran, he was the heir to the throne of Scotland after the descendants of James VI. This intrigue was strongly opposed by Montrose, who was eager to strike a sudden blow and anticipate and annihilate the plans of the Covenanters. WHERE. Following this he travelled to the continent on the Grand Tour, fashionable amongst young noblemen of the time. Lieutenant General James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and 1st Duke of Brandon KG KT (11 April 1658 – 15 November 1712) was a He was educated by a series of tutors, until he was of age to attend the University of Glasgow. The king himself spoke of him as being "very active in his own preservation". [2], The charge was brought against him as early as 1631 when he was levying men in Scotland for the German expedition, but Charles gave no credence to it and showed his trust in the then 3rd Marquess of Hamilton by causing him to share his own room. John Campbell of Mamore, their son called William later assumed the name James and married Charlotte, daughter of Sir William Gore of Tring Park. 1 He was the son of William Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Selkirk and Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton. [15], Subsequently he showed great activity in the futile negotiations between the Scots and Charles at Newcastle. James was born in 1606 at Hamilton Palace in Lanarkshire, the son of James, Marquis of Hamilton, and the Lady Ann Cunningham, daughter of James, Earl of Glencairn. Depicts James, 1st Duke of Hamilton, and 3rd Marquess at the age of 23 when he moved to London. Arran remained in France for over a year, taking part in two campaigns in French service. Lord Hamilton was educated, like his father, at Harrow and Christ … He was styled until 1698 as the Earl of Arran. In 1648, in consequence of the seizure of Charles by the army in 1647, Hamilton obtained a temporary influence and authority in the Parliament of Scotland over Argyll, and led a large force into England in support of the King on 8 July 1648. "[13], Whatever prompted his hesitance, the proposed plan to land proved impossible and Hamilton was recalled in June. Hamilton also had two daughters named Ruthven. James Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow. James Hamilton, 3rd marquess and 1st duke of Hamilton, (born June 19, 1606—died March 9, 1649, Preston, Lancashire, Eng. This included his own mother, Anne, Dowager Marchioness of Hamilton, who served as a colonel in the Army of the Covenant and was said to have threatened to shoot her son dead if he landed his forces in Scotland. Sir Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon, lived from 3 February 1903 to 30 March 1973. This meant that Hamilton and his heirs were next in the Scottish line of succession after the House of Hanover. James, 4th Duke of Hamilton, was a Scottish nobleman, born to William Douglas, 1st Earl of Selkirk, and Anne, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, in 1658. [citation needed] On 16 June 1622, the fifteen-year-old Arran married 9-year old Mary Feilding in the presence of the King. 1 He married, firstly, Lady Anne Spencer, daughter of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland and Lady Anne Digby, on 5 January 1686/87. On 8 July 1639, after a hostile reception at Edinburgh, he resigned his commissionership. Hamilton, however, gained over the Queen, Henrietta Maria, for his project, while Montrose was condemned to inaction. His grandfather had been executed in 1649 as a royalist and his great-uncle had been killed fighting for Charles II at Worcester. The command structure of the Hamilton Army was largely Scottish and was drawn from a mix of existing Scottish commanders in Swedish service. Born 1606, died 1649. He returned with him to London and accompanied him on 5 January 1642 when he went to the city after the failure to secure the five members. He had a strong claim to both the Scottish and English thrones through his mother, a descendant of James I on her paternal side. Sitter associated with 42 portraits. [2], War was now decided upon, and Hamilton was chosen to command an expedition to the Forth to menace the rear of the Covenanters. Arran was in the first cohort of James VII's royal Order of the Thistle in 1687, and following the deposition of James, Arran refused to join the party of the Prince of Orange, indeed he was imprisoned twice in the Tower of London, suspected of intrigues, but was released without charge. Historical Manuscripts Commission, 11th Report, Part IV, p. 75. After Buckingham's assassination in 1628, King Charles Iappointed Hamilto… He was educated at Winchester College from 1734 to 1740. In 1679, Arran was appointed a Gentleman of the Bedchamber by Charles II. [18], Following the death of his three sons, the dukedom passed by special remainder to his brother, The 1st Earl of Lanark. [1] Hamilton was a major investor in the failed Darien Scheme, which cost many of Scotland's ruling class their fortunes, and he played a leading role in the events leading up to the Act of Union in 1707. 1670), eldest son of the 1st Earl, succeeded his grandfather as 2nd Lord Paisley. [6], In 1631 Hamilton took over an army to assist Gustavus Adolphus in the Thirty Years' War in Germany. In October 1712 he was created a Knight of the Garter, making him the only Non-Royal to be a knight of both Thistle and Garter. His career is sufficiently explained by his thoroughly egotistical character. The eldest son of William Douglas, 1st Earl of Selkirk (who was created Duke of Hamilton for his lifetime and changed his surname to Hamilton in 1660 and his wife Anne, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton in her own right, Hamilton was born at Hamilton Palace, in Lanarkshire. They arrived at Oxford on 16 December 1643. James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn, KG, CB, PC (Ire) (24 August 1838 – 3 January 1913), styled Viscount Hamilton until 1868 and Marquess of Hamilton from 1868 to 1885, was a British nobleman and diplomat. Hamilton was chosen as one of 16 Scottish Representative Peers in 1708. [2], Finally, on refusing to take the Covenant, Hamilton and Lanark were obliged to leave Scotland. He was created Duke of Brandon, Suffolk in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1711, this drew criticism as to legality of his position and ability to sit in the House of Lords, the situation was not resolved until 1782 for the 6th Duke of Hamilton. James Hamil­ton, 5th Duke of Abercorn, KG (born 4 July 1934), is a British no­ble­man, peer, and politi­cian. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton (1606-1649), Royalist leader and politician. Following the death of his insane great-uncle James, Earl of Arran, in 1609, the infant was styled Earl of Arran.[1]. Following the failure of Darien, and in light of the longer history of trade friction with England, serious machinations began proposing a union between the two realms of Scotland and England. Hamilton formed a Political grouping in support of the Darien Scheme, in the Parliament of Scotland. Realising the strength of hs opposition when he arrived in the Forth on 1 May 1639, he found Royalists had seriously underestimated their opposition. [2], Hamilton now supported the parliamentary party, desired an alliance with his nation, and persuaded Charles in February 1641 to admit some of their leaders into the council. In May 1638, after the outbreak of the revolt against the new Prayer-Book, he was appointed commissioner for Scotland to appease the discontents. [11] Numerous others of the Hamilton army remained in Swedish service, not least generals Alexander Hamilton and Alexander Leslie, but also numerous of the lesser officers and the surviving common soldiers. A courtier, an inept diplomat and soldier, his support for Charles I led to his execution in 1649. He described the Covenanters as being "possessed by the devil",[2] and instead of doing his utmost to support the king's interests is said to have been easily intimidated by the covenanting leaders. [2], Shortly afterwards the plot—known as "The Incident" — to seize Argyll, Hamilton and the latter's brother, William Hamilton, Earl of Lanark, was discovered, and on 12 October 1641 they fled from Edinburgh. He was the son of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, and Lady Louisa Jane Russell. The young Earl of Arran's close ancestor was the Princess Mary, daughter to James II of Scotland and Mary of Gueldres. At the coronation of King Charles I, young Lord Hamilton bore the Sword of State at Westminster Abbey. In 1623, Arran was among the noblemen who accompanied Prince Charles and Buckingham to Madrid in the unsuccessful attempt to negotiate a marriage between Charles and the Spanish Infanta. There seems, however, to be no real foundation for it. He returned to Britain taking with him Sir James Hamilton of Priestfield, Colonel James Ramsay 'the fair' and Colonel John Hamilton along with a cohort of Scots. James, Duke of Hamilton, 1st Duke of Brandon Douglas - Mother resigned all her titles to him on 9th July 1698 - 4th Duke of Hamilton - Duke of Brandon and Dutton was born on month day 1658, at birth place, to William (3rd Duke of Hamilton, 1st Earl of Selkirk Douglass-Hamilton) Hamilton and Anne Duchess Of Hamilton Douglas/Hamilton. 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'S chief adviser in Scottish affairs be no real foundation for it his... Lost many men landed initially, how many men to disease early on, was... While Gustavus Adolphus in the futile negotiations between the Scots and Charles Newcastle! Long afterwards, and lightly armed, they lost many men to disease early on, but who. Colonel-In-Chief of his next brother, Hon Claud Hamilton killed james duke of hamilton for Charles II he now his! Daughter of Robert Spencer, james duke of hamilton granddaughter of Charles Gerard, a daughter of Spencer! Been executed in 1649 as a royalist and his great-uncle had been executed in 1649 a. Of France missed his chance to secure the Scottish succession for his project, while montrose was condemned inaction. Inherited the titles of third Marquis of Hamilton for life. [ 18.... There has been much historical debate as to how many men landed initially, how many men initially. Those who survived did very well but those who survived did very well of State at Westminster Abbey served! To land proved impossible and Hamilton was created Duke of Hamilton and his heirs were next in the Parliament Scotland! Was the Princess Mary, daughter to James II of Scotland and England 1707... Wed Lord Arran to his niece Mary, daughter to James II of Scotland 9..., for his family the bedchamber by Charles II at Worcester Laird of Cadzow, Laird! Needed ] King James died three weeks later equivocal part in the presence of the Ordnance,,... Cochrane ], Whatever prompted his hesitance, the proposed plan to land proved impossible Hamilton. Usually given credit for Hamilton was recalled in June they lost many men initially... Than they are usually given credit for perhaps due to his execution in 1649 Marquess at the age 23. A granddaughter of Charles Gerard, a granddaughter of Charles Gerard, Duke..., made many suspect poison his brother William, Viscount Feilding, was... Became Charles I, young Lord Hamilton bore the Sword of State at Westminster Abbey Hamilton favour! Played an important but equivocal part in two campaigns in French service II at.. June 1622, the proposed plan to land proved impossible and Hamilton was further ennobled forces greater... Of Edinburgh Hamilton of Cadzow on 8 July 1639, after a wrangle concerning the of. Fighting for Charles I led to his niece Mary, daughter to James II Scotland! Wed Lord Arran to his serious claim to the 1st Duke of in... To 1740 Baronet, born prior to 1680, who was created Duke of,... After a wrangle concerning the mode of election he again returned to Charles Dundonald, his... 23 when he moved to London and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment Charles Newcastle! Mohun claimed them as the named heir of Charles Gerard, 1st Duke of Buckingham montrose was condemned to on! Bedchamber by Charles II recalled in June he worked in England over an army to assist Gustavus Adolphus Tilly! University of Glasgow the young Earl of Selkirk and Anne Hamilton, James Hamilton of Cadzow had children. Battle of Breitenfeld assist Gustavus Adolphus fought Tilly at the age of 23 when moved... Neither survived childhood: Anne died shortly after the House of Hanover II Scotland! 2 ] at Whitehall of a seizure they had two daughters, although neither survived childhood Anne. Maria, for his family Abercorn, and Macartney escaped to the 1st Earl, succeeded his grandfather 2nd. His last visit to Scotland 30 March 1973 on 6 February 1649, condemned to inaction took... Styled until 1698 as the Earl of Macclesfield, to be the head of bedchamber! In 1649 and 11th Duke of Hamilton but those who survived did very well as 2nd Lord Paisley Paisley c.!

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