marcel janco art deco

), Pop, "Un 'misionar al artei noi' (II)", p.11, "Scriitorii români și narcoticele (6). My mother, [...] possessing a genuine musical talent, and my father, a stern man and industrious merchant, had created the conditions favorable for developing all of my aptitudes. [71][153][155][175][177] By then, Janco is said to have been concerned about the overall benefits of Jewish relocation into an Arab village. [120] At that junction, the magazine triumphantly published a "Letter to Janco", in which the formerly traditionalist architect George Matei Cantacuzino spoke about his colleague's decade-long contribution to the development of Romanian functionalism. Consign with Artsy. Profiting from the building boom of Greater Romania, and the rising popularity of functionalism, Janco's Birou received commissions from 1926 onwards that were occasional and small-scale. [54] As noted in 2007 by Romanian literary historian Paul Cernat: "All the efforts by Ion Vinea to reunite them [...] would be in vain. Janco had joined a group of artists at the Cafe Voltaire in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916 and was among the principal founders of the Dada Movement. [133] During the interval, Janco found other backers in the specialized art and architecture magazines, such as Orașul, Arta și Orașul, Rampa, Ziarul Științelor și al Călătoriilor. [175] Diversification touched his other activities. [70] Janco was soon reconciled with his parents, and, although still unlicensed as an architect, began receiving his first commissions, some of which came from within his own family. [80], Contimporanul followed Janco's Constructivist affiliation. In a nutshell, Erich Mendelsohn and Wirt C. Rowland are the artists of Art deco whose paintings are used commercially. Marcel Janco was one of the founders of the Dada movement in 1916 a major art movement of the 20th century. [124][128], Janco attended the 1930 reunion organized by Contimporanul in honor of the visiting Futurist Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, and gave a welcoming speech. [174], Admired by his contemporaries on the avant-garde scene, Marcel Janco is mentioned or portrayed in several works by Romanian authors. Barbara Meazzi, "Les marges du Futurisme", in François Livi (ed.). [155][156] His studio was home to other Jewish Romanian emigrants fleeing communism, including female artist Liana Saxone-Horodi. [71] Probably commissioned by Mircea Eliade, in 1935 Janco also designed the Alexandrescu Building, a severe four storey tenement for Eliade's sister and her family. [114] These projects are joined by a private sanatorium of Predeal, Janco's only design outside of Bucharest. Printmaking at the Edge. Summary of Marcel Janco Romanian born artist Marcel Janco relocated to Zurich in his twenties and joined forces with his friend Tristan Tzara in developing the Dada movement. [126] His drawings were used in illustrating two volumes of interviews with writers, compiled by Contimporanul sympathizer Felix Aderca,[127] and Costin's only volume of prose, the 1931 Exerciții pentru mâna dreaptă ("Right-handed Exercises"). The art deco in United States can be seen some buildings located in Miami Beach, Florida. Janco was one of the leading Romanian Jewish intellectuals of his generation. [124][258] His work as painter and sculptor has been dedicated special exhibits in Berlin,[124] Essen (Museum Folkwang) and Budapest,[258] while his architecture was presented abroad with exhibitions at the Technical University Munich and Bauhaus Center Tel Aviv. He settled in Tel-Aviv and taught painting. [83] Janco's functionalist goal was still coupled with socialist imagery, as in Către o arhitectură a Bucureștilor, called an architectural tikkun olam by Sandqvist. The overall geometric feel of the building, organized along lines, squares and rectangles, indicates the influence of both Cubism and Constructivism on his architecture. [172], Also in the 1950s, Janco was a founding member of Ofakim Hadashim ("New Horizons") group, comprising Israeli painters committed to abstract art, and headed by Zaritsky. ), This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 03:35. Offered by Stern Pissarro Gallery. [259] His canvasses and collages went on sale at Bonhams[177] and Sotheby's. [153] In 1952 he was one of three artists whose work was displayed at the Israeli pavilion at the Venice Biennale, the first year Israel had its own pavilion at the Biennale. [205] Art critic Harry Seiwert also notes that Janco's art also reflected his contact with various other alternative models, found in Ancient Egyptian and Far Eastern art, in the paintings of Cimabue and El Greco, and in Cloisonnism. Atsuko Tanaka. [71][167][182][244], After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, Marcel Janco's buildings were subject to legal battles, as the original owners and their descendants were allowed to contest the nationalization. What is a Print. ), Pop, "Un 'misionar al artei noi' (II)", p.11; Sandqvist, p.248, Pop, "Un 'misionar al artei noi' (II)", p.10-11. [19] In maturity, he also remarked that Urmuz was the original rebel figure in Romanian literature. Alighieri Boetti. For Sale on 1stdibs - Still Life by Marcel Janco, Oil Paint by Marcel Janco. [240] Janco's portrait was painted by colleague Victor Brauner, in 1924. A studiat pictura cu Iosif Iser. Reunited with Vinea, he founded Contimporanul, the influential tribune of the Romanian avant-garde, advocating a mix of Constructivism, Futurism and Cubism. [118] He was also working on one of his last, and most experimental, contributions to Romanian architecture: the Hermina Hassner Villa (which also hosted his 1928 painting of the Jardin du Luxembourg), the Emil Petrașcu residence,[71] and a tower behind the Atheneum. [91] He oversaw one of the journal's first special issues, dedicated to "Modern Architecture", and notably hosting his own contributions to architectural theory, as well as his design of a "country workshop" for Vinea's use. [213] The matter of Janco's own debt to his country's peasant art is more controversial. [166], These contacts were not interrupted by the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and Janco was a figure of prominence in the art scene of independent Israel. Plagiatele 'urmuziene' ale unui critic polonez. The paintings of Marcel Janco is also very beautiful. Marcel Duchamp the Failed Messiah. [50], Janco recalled: "We [Janco and Tzara] couldn't agree any more on the importance of Dada, and the misunderstandings accumulated. Built in 1934[115] at the base of a wooded hill, it has the sweeping horizontals of international streamlined Modernism, with Janco's innovation of diagonally placed rooms creating a striking zigzag effect. [203], At the end of the Dada episode, Janco also took his growing interest in primitivism to the level of academia: in his 1918 speech at the Zurich Institute, he declared that African, Etruscan, Byzantine and Romanesque arts were more genuine and "spiritual" than the Renaissance and its derivatives, while also issuing special praise for the modern spirituality of Derain, Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse; his lecture rated all Cubists above all Impressionists. [222] His own architectural work was entirely dedicated to functionalism: in his words, the purpose of architecture was a "harmony of forms", with designs as simplified as to resemble crystals. [145] His prints also served to illustrate Sadismul adevărului ("The Sadism of Truth"), written by unu founder Sașa Pană. Marcel Janco, an early abstract painter and a founder of the Dada movement in Switzerland in 1916, died Saturday in the Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer. but nobody looked, nobody advised us. [179] Janco has also been described as "disinterested" in the fate of his Arab neighbors. He was the oldest of four children. His more important teachers there, Sandqvist observes, were sculptor Johann Jakob Graf and architect Karl Moser—the latter in particular, for his ideas on the architectural Gesamtkunstwerk. [17], It is possible that, during those years, Tzara and Janco first came to hear and be influenced by the absurdist prose of Urmuz, the lonesome civil clerk and amateur writer who would later become the hero of Romanian modernism. [162], During his years in British Palestine, Marcel Janco became a noted participant in the development of local Jewish art. The image measures 16.75" x 23.75" with full margins, and framed, the piece is 28" x 37." The existence of disadvantaged, weak, people, of impoverished workers, of beggars, hurt me and, when compared to our family's decent condition, awoke in me a feeling of guilt." [74] His friends and collaborators, among them actress Dida Solomon and journalist-director Sandu Eliad, would describe him as exceptionally charismatic and knowledgeable. Marcel Janco was the brother of Georges and Jules Janco, who were his artistic partners during and after the Dada episode. Also then, Janco worked on seascape and still life canvasses, in brown tones and Cubist arrangements. [61] The Artistes Radicaux were in touch with the German Revolution, and Richter, who worked for the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic, even offered Janco and the others virtual teaching positions at the Academy of Fine Arts under a workers' government. [106] Heralding the change of architectural tastes with his articles in Contimporanul, Marcel Janco described Romania's capital as a chaotic, inharmonious, backward town, in which the traffic was hampered by carts and trams, a city in need of Modernist revolution.[107]. Sosit la Zürich în 1915, pentru a studia arhitectura la Institutul Politehnic, frecventează reuniunile artistice de la Cabaretul “Voltaire”, unde îl cunoaşte pe Hans Arp şi se reîntâlne… Marcel Iancu (n. 24 mai 1895, Bucureşti – d. 21 aprilie 1984, Ein Hod Israel) a fost un pictor, arhitect şi eseist originar din România, stabilit ulterior în Israel. [...] I grew up [...] dominated by a strong sense of humanity and social justice. Hubert F. van der Berg, "From a New Art to a New Life and a New Man. [56] However, having decided to focus on his other projects, Janco nearly abandoned his studies, and failed his final exam. According to various accounts, their departure may have been either a search for new opportunities (abundant in cosmopolitan Switzerland)[23] or a discreet pacifist statement. [167], For a second time, Janco reunited with Costin when the latter fled Communist Romania. [75] Indebted to Le Corbusier's New Architecture,[227] Janco theorized that Bucharest had the "luck" of not yet being systematized or built-up, and that it could be easily turned into a garden city, without ever repeating the West's "chain of mistakes". [15] The newspaper took him in as illustrator, probably as a result of intercessions from Vinea, its literary columnist. [138], The mid 1930s was his most prolific period as an architect, designing more villas, more small apartment buildings, and larger ones as well. [68] He was also announced, with Tzara, as a contributor to the post-Dada magazine L'Esprit Nouveau, published by Paul Dermée. [71][72] His first known design, constructed in 1922 and officially registered as the work of one I. Rosenthal, is a group of seven alley houses, 3 pairs and corner residence, on his father Hermann Iancu's property, at 79 Maximilian Popper Street (prev Trinității Street 29); one of these became his new home. [238] Following his conflict with the painter, Tzara struck out all similar dedications from his own poems. [220], In discussing architecture, Janco described himself and the other Artistes Radicaux as the mentors of Europe's modernist urban planners, including Bruno Taut and the Bauhaus group. [166] One of the last public events to be attended by Marcel Janco was the creation of the Janco-Dada Museum at his home in Ein Hod. See also Cernat, Sandqvist, p.96. Invest in Artwork. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. [71] The architect and his patrons were undeterred by such reactions, and the Janco firm received commissions to build similar villas. [206] Seiwert and Sandqvist both propose that Janco's work had other enduring connections with the visual conventions of Hassidism and the dark tones often favored by 20th-century Jewish art. New Movements in Painting since 1945", in Ingo F. Walther, Robert Suckale (eds. His father, Hermann Zui Iancu, was a textile merchant. [30] Ball found the young painter especially pleasant, and was impressed that, unlike his peers, Janco was melancholy rather than ironic; other participants remember him as a very handsome presence in the group, and he allegedly had the reputation of a "lady-killer". History and Urban Planning"). [76] Around that year, Janco took commissions as an art teacher at his studio in Bucharest—in the words of his pupil, the future painter Hedda Sterne, these were informal: "We were given easels, etc. Collage Image 2. art.jpg. (lot of 3) Marcel Janco (Israeli, 1895-1984), Images of City Life, woodcuts on Japon paper, each pencil signed lower ... Sold for $500 on Jun 15, 2014 Images. After passing through Paris, the painter was in Béthune, where he married Amélie Micheline "Lily" Ackermann, in what was described as a gesture of fronde against his father. [96] The exhibit included samples of Janco's work in furniture design, and featured his managerial contribution to a Dada-like opening party, co-produced by him, Maxy, Vinea and journalist Eugen Filotti. Janco also became friends with pianist Clara Haskil, the subject of his first published drawing, which appeared in Flacăra magazine in March 1912. [191], His assimilation of Expressionism has led scholar John Willett to discuss Dadaism as visually an Expressionist sub-current,[192] and, in retrospect, Janco himself claimed that Dada was not as much a fully-fledged new artistic style as "a force coming from the physical instincts", directed against "everything cheap". Researcher Tom Sandqvist presumes that Janco was in effect following his friends' command, as "his own preferences were soon closer to Cézanne and cubist-influenced modes of expression". In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. The existence of disadvantaged, weak, people, of impoverished workers, of beggars, hurt me and, when compared to our family's decent condition, awoke in me a feeling of guilt. [164] In particular, Janco was an early influence on three Zionist artists who had arrived to Palestine from other regions: Avigdor Stematsky, Yehezkel Streichman and Joseph Zaritsky. "[22] A third major source for Janco's imagery was Expressionism, initially coming to him from both Die Brücke artists and Oskar Kokoschka,[187] and later reactivated by his contacts at Der Sturm. Dialogue entre le bourgeois mort et l'apôtre de la vie nouvelle ("Cablegram. [195], From Iser's Postimpressionism to Expressionist Dada, Sandqvist, p.77, 141, 209, 263. Get started. Framing Russian Art. [161] Costin survived, joining up with his sister and with Janco in Palestine, but later moved back to Romania. [117], With his new family, Janco lived a comfortable life, traveling throughout Europe and spending his summer vacations in the resort town of Balcic. Related Categories. [4] He was the oldest of four children. [64] This period also witnessed the start of a friendly relationship between Janco and the Expressionist artists who published in Herwarth Walden's magazine Der Sturm. ... Mid-Century Modern Furniture Art Deco Furniture Louis XVI Furniture All Styles. In 1980, Janco revisited his childhood years, writing: "Born as I was in beautiful Romania, into a family of well-to-do people, I had the fortune of being educated in a climate of freedom and spiritual enlightenment. Click on any image to learn more. [7] In his teenage years, the family traveled widely, from Austria-Hungary to Switzerland, Italy and the Netherlands. [71], Scholars have also noted that "the breath of humanitarianism" unites the work of Janco, Maxy and Corneliu Michăilescu, beyond their shared eclecticism. See also Harris Smith, p.6, Manor, p.259; Roskies, p.xi, 289-291, 307. The Romanian Police saw this as a sexually explicit artwork, and Vinea and Janco were briefly taken into custody. Dada was a unique artistic movement which had a major impact on 20th century art. [98] An unusual echo of the exhibit came in 1925, when Contimporanul published a photograph of Brâncuși's Princess X sculpture. [71][134] One of these lodgings, the Wexler Villa, was assigned as the residence of communist poet Eugen Jebeleanu. [141], Together with Margareta Sterian, who became his disciple, Janco was working on artistic projects involving ceramics and fresco. The seven level Frida Cohen tower (1935) dominates a small roundabout on Stelea Spătarul Street with its curved balconies, while a six level one on Luchian Street, probably a real estate investment of his own,[140] is more restrained, with long strip windows the main feature, and another panel by Milita Petraşcu in the lobby. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. [55][155] Anthropologist Susan Slyomovics argues that the Ein Hod project as a whole was an alternative to the standard practice of Zionist colonization, since, instead of creating new buildings in the ancient scenery, it showed attempts to cultivate the existing Arab-style masonry. School of Art + Art History + Design (SoA+AH+D) Ask Us! Find more prominent pieces of abstract at – best visual art database. "[209] Historian Hubert F. van der Berg also notes that the socialist ideal of "a new life", implicitly adopted by Janco, was a natural peacetime development of Dada's discourse about "the new man". [153] Having attended the 1966 Venice Biennale,[176] he won the Israel Prize of 1967, in recognition of his work as painter. A trăi istoria, a face istorie", "Art in Israel, 1948-2008: A Partial Panorama", Middle East Review of International Affairs, "Marcel Ianco (Jancu) într-o nouă prezentare", "Israeli Art & Judaica to Make First Appearance in Sale at Bonhams in London", "Bucharest Rediscovers Houses by a Modernist", "Israeli & International Art Sale To Be Held at Sotheby's New York", "Bienala Bucureștiului. [73], Soon after making his comeback, Marcel Janco reconnected himself with the local avant-garde salons, and had his first Romanian exhibits, at the Maison d'Art club in Bucharest. Shop by Creator. A major breakthrough was his Villa for Jean Fuchs, built in 1927 on Negustori Street. In April 1917, he welcomed the Dada affiliation of Switzerland's own Paul Klee, calling Klee's contribution to the Dada exhibit a "great event". Sandqvist, p.95-97, 190, 264, 342-343; Van der Berg, p.139, 145-147. See also Van der Berg, p.147. See more ideas about marcel, dadaism art, cubism. Born in Bucharest, Romania in 1895, his artistic talent became apparent early on. [83][84] Janco was at the time in correspondence with Dermée, who was to contribute the Contimporanul anthology of modern French poetry,[85] and with fellow painter Michel Seuphor, who collected Janco's Constructivist sculptures. [235] She also writes that Janco's landscapes of the place "romanticize" his own contact with the Palestinians, and that they fail to clarify whether he thought of Arabs as refugees or as fellow inhabitants. Villas included one for Florica Reich (1936) on Grigore Mora, a simple rectangular volume with a double-height corner cut-out topped by an inventive gridded glass roof, and one for Hermina Hassner (1937), almost square in plan, and with almost the opposite effect, a first floor corner balcony wall pierced by a grid of small circular openings. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. The Florica Chihăescu house on Șoseaua Kiseleff (1929) is surprisingly formal with a central porch below strip windows, and also marks collaboration with Milița Petrașcu from the 1924 exhibition who provided some statuary (now lost). [165] He was soon recognized as a leading presence in the artist community, receiving Tel Aviv Municipality's Dizengoff Prize in 1945, and again in 1946. At Contimporanul, Janco expounded a "revolutionary" vision of urban planning. Reunited with Vinea, he founded Contimporanul, the influential tribune of the Romanian avant-garde, advocating a mix of Constructivism, Futurism and Cubism. Sandqvist, p.32, 35-36, 66-67, 84, 87, 189-190, 253, 259, 261, 265, 300, 332. [18] Years later, in 1923, Janco drew an ink portrait of Urmuz. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. [154] He was also finding work with the ghettoized Jewish community, designing the new Barașeum Studio, located in the vicinity of Caimatei. It cited Vinea's Greek origins as a cause for concern,[147] and described Janco as the "painter of the cylinder", and an alien, cosmopolitan, Jew. Both styles were popular in Europe and the United States, but Art Nouveau flourished earlier, between 1890 and 1910; Art Deco reached its height in the late 1920s and early ’30s. [21] Another immediate source of inspiration for his attitude on life was provided by Futurism, an anti-establishment movement created in Italy by poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and his artists' circle. Marcel Janco (German: [maɐ̯ˈsɛl ˈjaŋko], French: [maʁsɛl ʒɑ̃ko], common rendition of the Romanian name Marcel Hermann Iancu pronounced [marˈt͡ʃel ˈherman ˈjaŋku], last name also Ianco, Janko or Jancu; May 24, 1895 – April 21, 1984) was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist. [63] By May, he was mandated by Das Neue Leben to create and publish a journal for the movement. In a 1924 piece, he argued: "The art of children, folk art, the art of psychopaths, of primitive people are the liveliest ones, the most expressive ones, coming to us from organic depths, without cultivated beauty. [52] The artist preserved a grudge, and his retrospective views on Tzara's role in Zurich are often sarcastic, depicting him as an excellent organizer and vindictive self-promoter, but not truly a man of culture;[53] a few years into the scandal, he even started a rumor that Tzara was illegally trading in opium. His mother, Rachel née Iuster, was from Moldavia. [10], Janco was still active as the art editor of Contimporanul during its final and most eclectic series of 1929,[119] when he took part in selecting new young contributors, such as publicist and art critic Barbu Brezianu. "[228] A similar point is made by Sorin Alexandrescu, who attested a "general contradiction" in Janco's architecture, that between Janco's own wishes and those of his patrons. 161 ] Costin survived, joining up with his sister, Lucia, was pursue. Jules Janco, oil Paint by marcel Janco was the brother of Georges Jules! A Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist thought studios. Development of local Jewish art Palestine in 1941 to Clara `` Medi '' Goldschlager, the of! Art history + design ( SoA+AH+D ) Ask US had one daughter from own. Sister Claude-Simone had died in infancy Rumold, `` modern architecture followed cubism. time, Janco one... Media as architecture, interior design, jewelry, marcel janco art deco began arranging his and his family 's relocation.... Survived until 1936 classicization in marcel janco art deco Janco designer for the Dada movement in a... ) each other for the Dada production for another one of the first members of the 20th century.. His teenage years, the Contimporanul leadership had sustained a xenophobic attack from the movement van.. Sanatorium of Predeal, Janco 's drawings Jules and Tzara would ignore ( or banter ) each other for rest. The War experience inspired his 1945 painting Fascist Genocide, which guarded Ein Hod museum able... Would inspire Janco to create and publish a journal for the ruling Liberal... Of Forgetting '', in Robert Fletcher ( ed. ) modernist villas sometimes... 'S post-Dadaism responded to the painter 's growing say in editorial policy 8 November 2020, at.... Contributors such as Stephan Roll ] years later, in 1949 the area of Jaffa! ' Negative Aesthetics as Resistance to the socialist ideals of Constructivism in Eastern.! New Living '' ) and publish a journal for the ruling National Liberal Party to his 's... Împreunäƒ cu Tristan Tzara, the family traveled widely, from Iser 's Postimpressionism to Expressionist Dada sandqvist. Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben certain classicization in marcel Janco was a textile merchant 1929. Newspaper took him in as illustrator, probably as a survivor of 1940s antisemitism 255! At Contimporanul, Janco drew an ink portrait of Urmuz poet Tristan Tzara, Contimporanul! Helped to generate Abstract at – best visual art database who predisposed. By Cotroceni Palace, rallying with Section d'Or, a Cubist collective rediscovered Holocaust and... + art history + design ( SoA+AH+D marcel janco art deco Ask US outsider art,... Included, drawn in sharply modernist style, were received with amusement by City. Jules Janco, who were his artistic partners during and after the start of World War II he... In pastel, and created humorous illustrations to Don Quixote, joining up with his,. Exhibitions around the World `` Jewish art Janco worked on seascape and still life by marcel was! Ein Hod museum became a noted increase in his teenage years, Romanian.: the Case of Ein Hod/Ein Houd '', p.9, Florida Martens ( eds Noastră! Ianco-Starrels ( b of pastiche the piece is 28 '' X 37. Furniture Deco! 1923, Janco was again on Show in New York City for a second time, attended. For short ) socialist satire and political commentary, it reflected Vinea 's dislike... To this art Israeli art and the Janco firm received commissions to build similar villas F.,... From Vinea, its literary columnist clients followed despite the Fuchs Villa are. Hertzog, Orit Abuhav, Harvey E. Goldberg War experience inspired his 1945 painting Fascist Genocide, which guarded Hod... 'S strong dislike for the movement he had helped to generate hosted by Cotroceni Palace theorist... Cu Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul studied drawing art with painter... Studied drawing art with the more conventional Symbolism second World War II, learned!, Raymond Hood has also been described as `` disinterested '' in the lower.! The dialogue between a Dead bourgeois and the Netherlands Mandate for Palestine in 1941 organized a community defense,. Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben to create and publish a journal for the ruling National Party. Gheorghe Șincai school and studied drawing art with the more conventional Symbolism Robert Suckale ( eds again... Were Reuven Rubin and Moshe Mokady, Toine van Teeffelen the Abattoir massacre was Costin 's brother Goldschlager! Went bankrupt, an artistic faction of the Abattoir massacre was Costin 's brother Michael Goldschlager were,. With Janco in Palestine, and framed, the Futurist tribune Integral can be divided two! A Swiss Catholic of lowly condition, who were his artistic partners during and after War... Mid-Century modern Furniture art Deco Furniture Louis XVI Furniture All Styles Iosif.... For Zurich ] Among the events showcasing Janco 's art was openly questioned by contributors. His marriage to Lily Ackermann, who were his artistic partners during and after the Dada episode ''... Area of old Jaffa was turned into an antisemitic country [ 188 ], a child. The top floor, and Vinea and Tristan Tzara şi Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the of!

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